A leaky heart valve is caused when a valve of the heart doesn’t seal as it should, causing blood to drip or flow backwards.It is also called as a “regurgitated” valve. This situation can be either congenital or acquired, meaning that the leaky valve may be a trouble with which you were born or something you’ve developed over time, due to a ailment or sickness like coronary artery disease, endocarditis, high blood pressure, heart attack and even syphilis.
What is a Leaky Heart Valve?
It is a situation in which a valve of the heart does not close up entirely. When a valve is leaky, blood flows reversely into f your heart. The medicinal term for a leaking valve is “regurgitation.” Treatment for heart valve conditions can vary use of medications to, in some cases, valve substitution surgery.
The main reason of leaky heart valve can be because of a diseased heart valve that experiences valvular regurgitation. Regurgitation can block the flow of blood flow in any one of your four heart valves – aortic valve, pulmonary valve, mitral valve and tricuspid valve. It causes the heart to work extra as it has to constantly re pump the blood through the dysfunctional valve. It can lead to heart muscle fatigue.
Some of the symptoms are:
- Difficulty in breathing.
- Heart palpitations
- Swollen feet or ankles
- Heart murmur
- Excessive urination
- Chest pain (angina) or tightness
Feeling faint may not always be visible in a patient. Many patients can be asymptomatic even although they experience from gentle, reasonable, or even severe, heart valve disease.
It is advisable to consult a doctor at the slightest signs or symptoms, for some cases it can be heard as a heart murmur by a doctor during an medical examination. However it is not necessary that the patient show any signs or symptoms of the problem. Someone who is suffering, certain lifestyle changes may be required in order to control complications like blood pressure. Blood pressure can cause complications in patients so they are advised to follow a low-sodium diet and exercise on a regular basis. This helps control your blood pressure and can help control condition. Patients may be prescribed diuretics to reduce swelling caused by buildup of fluids in the lungs or legs.
People having leaky heart valve may also suffer from edema (swelling), which can make the condition worse. At times if medications do not help, surgery may be required to correct or replace a heart valve that leaks. In some patients, the valve problem may be resolved with surgery, whereas others may need a valve replacement that. Mechanical valves or those created from animals may be used for valve replacements.